At this time of the year, you may be looking for a magazine subscription as a gift to yourself or your family’s historian. Four magazines that I am interested in reading in 2018 are:
- Who Do You Think You Are?
- Your Family History
- Family Tree
- BBC History
Leverage Your Library Card
Before you do anything else, dig out your library card and check what titles are included in your county library online services. If you aren’t a member of your local library or you don’t have a current card, join, apply for a card and open your online account. Membership of UK county libraries is generally open to residents in the county and free.
As I live on the boundary between two counties, I have two library cards, which give me free access to a range of popular magazines. Both cards provide access to ‘Who Do You Think You Are?’ and ‘BBC History’ and Suffolk also includes ‘Your Family History’. That’s three out of four on my wish list sorted! Which family history magazines does your county library subscribe to?
Special Offers and Added Extras
If your magazine of choice isn’t provided by your county library, check for special offers on subscriptions. Be aware that offers come with conditions, typically auto-renewal or requiring a direct debit, which revert to standard prices. Whether added extras are a bonus to you is a personal decision.
For the four magazines on my wish list, the best offers I have found are:
Who Do You Think You Are? 6 print issues for £20.45 by direct debit with an added extra, a downloadable version of Family Historian 6.
Your Family History 3 digital issues for £1 then £20.99 every 6 issues by direct debit.
Family Tree Print issues by direct debit, quarterly £9.99 or annual £39.96 comes with the Christmas Pack which includes a 1 month access pass to Findmypast British records and other goodies.
BBC History 5 print issues for £5, then £19.99 by direct debit every 6 issues.
Happy reading and Merry Christmas!
Family Tree Magazine (the UK magazine, @familytreemag on Facebook) has recently launched a Facebook group, Family Tree Academy. A member asked a question about duty stamps on documents from the United States of America, which indicate that tax had been paid. Editor Helen Tovey noted that duty stamps were also used on British birth, marriage and death certificates and wanted to know when this was normal practice.
Reading the Facebook post was a déjà-vu moment for me. I was just thinking, ‘I blogged about that’, when lo, there in the answers was a link to my blog post, A Blogging Collaboration Leads to the Answer.
The use of revenue stamps on UK civil registration certificates spans the period from 1870 to 1949. There’s a story behind reaching this conclusion. Back in 2012-2013, I wrote a series on marriages in my family to celebrate my parent’s 50th anniversary, including Stamp duty and authenticity of legal documents. I had identified the commencement of the use of revenue stamps, but Amy Sell’s blog asked when the practice ceased. Comments on both blogs narrowed down the date range, which guided me to the relevant law, the Finance Act of 1949.
The story is not yet over. The question of when stamps were used for US vital record certificates has been raised. Contributors have started exploring answers. I suspect that it may vary between states. Do you know the answer? Do pop along to the group and add to the discussion.
© Sue Adams 2017
On Friday I went to my local library in Thetford, to attend the local history group that meets monthly. This month we explored materials from the special collections. Thetford library has three collections, two named for notable historical figures connected to Thetford, which contain items pertinent to family and local history: Thomas Paine, Duleep Singh and Norfolk Studies.
Special collections are where libraries and archives meet. Libraries typically contain published materials like books, journals, newspapers, DVDs etc. that are not unique items. Archives typically contain unique original manuscripts and artifacts. Special collections may contain original materials, rare publications and other materials that inform the study of the collection’s topic. The Thetford special collections are kept in a separate room with controlled access.
Aerial photographs, newspaper cuttings and photographs came out of the archival boxes. One box contained a collection of photographs from the Jolly family of Thetford, which has not yet been catalogued. I judged them to be from the late 1800s and early 20th century. The photographer’s marks locate photographs in Hemel Hempstead, Luton, Reigate and other places. What a treat!
Thetford Library runs regular events which are publicised on their Facebook page @ThetfordLibrary and notice board. This week Thetford Library hosts its own exhibition and events in partnership with The British Library’s, Harry Potter: A History of Magic.
The exhibition focuses on the subjects taught at Hogwarts with examples of manuscripts from the British Library collections. I particularly like this 12th century herbal, written in Latin, which recommends two plants of the Centauria genus as snake bite remedies. Spot the centaur and the snake? The library holds modern books on the similar subjects.
Libraries, museums and archives are essential components of the information infrastructure. In the current climate of austerity, funding is under threat. The latest threat is to Northamptonshire libraries, where the Northamptonshire County Council proposes to close or out-source the management of 21 of its smaller libraries to community volunteers as a means of making £10 million cuts. This is the county council that caused uproar a few months ago with the proposal to charge £31.50 per hour to use Northamptonshire Archives. The Guardian draws the stark conclusion that the UK no longer has a national public library system.
Thankfully, Thetford Library is still funded with professional staff. Libraries need our support to demonstrate their value. Do pop in and explore your local library.
© Sue Adams 2017
The 4 October 2017 was Ask An Archivist Day, an annual Twitter event organised by the Society of American Archivists with participants worldwide. This year I asked 35 county archives in the UK this question:
Do you have microform scanners for searchroom users? #AskAnArchivist
Of the 24 responses, only 8 have digital scanners. In hindsight I should have been clearer with my question. I wanted to know which archives have digital scanners capable of producing high quality digital images, so users can leave the archive with copies of microfilm or microfiche on a USB stick.
Microfilm is an old technology, super-ceded by digital photography. Microfilm and fiche readers are horrible to use and print-outs from readers are woefully poor quality. As spare parts become ever more difficult to find, readers fall into disrepair. Please, dear archivists, direct your money toward modern equipment, not old readers. Consider getting together to make bulk purchases.
Archive users are document scholars, whose study is limited by poor quality copies. Give users a reason to #LoveYourArchive!
© Sue Adams 2017
Family Folk returns to the Suffolk Family History Society Fair this Saturday 30 September 2017 between 10 am and 4pm at the Waterfront Building, University of Suffolk.
Come along and ask for help with your unsolved mysteries, hard to read documents and what to do next. Don’t be shy to #AskAGenealogist
Last week I spent a couple of days in the vicinity of Stratford-on-Avon, best known as William Shakespeare’s birthplace. A couple of photographs from my grand-mother’s collection depict a cottage identified by her daughter, Barbara, as Anne Hathaway’s cottage. Unusually, Barbara the family shutterbug, wasn’t the photographer as she is in one of the photos holding her camera. Judging by her youthful appearance, my best estimate of the date the photos were taken is the early 1960s. It isn’t hard to verify the location, but I stopped by to follow in gran’s footsteps and take my own photo.
Comparisons between then and now show the entrance sign next to the open gate has been removed, a taller hedge, a lack of visible re-thatching and the middle chimney looks shorter. The public entrance is now round the back and the gate is kept closed.
The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust manages several properties that are associated with the famous bard, including Anne Hathaway’s cottage and Mary Arden’s farm, the childhood residences of his wife and mother. Neither woman had any rights to the property now named after her.
According to the Trust’s website Anne Hathaway’s cottage passed from her father to her brother Bartholmew in 1581. The Trust’s archive includes many digitised documents including the Will of Bartholomew Hathaway of Shottery, dated 6 December 1624. The image of the will is hard to make out, even if you can read the handwriting, but a transcript helps us out. The will describes property, including a messuage, the cottage, bequeathed to his son John Hathaway thus:
“all that my messuage or tenement, orchard, garden and backside, with thappertenaunces, seituate, lyeing and being in Shottery aforesaid, togither alsoe with two yard land and a half earable, meddow, comon and pasture, with two closses therunto belonging, seituate, lyeing and beinge within the towne, hamlettes and feildes of Shottery and Old Stratford, with theire and every of theire appurtenaunces”
The will specifies the order of successive inheritance from John:
” and to the heires males of his body lawfully begotten, or to be begotten” “and for want of such issue of the said John Hathaway,” “unto the saide Edmond Hathaway my … lawfully to (be) begotten” “and for want of such issue of the saide Edmonde Hathaway, I give and bequeath the saide messuage or tenement … aunces unto my sone Richard Hathaway, and to the heires males of his body lawfully begotten or to be begotten, and for want of such issue of the said Richard, then to remaine to the right heires of me the said Bartholmew Hathaway for ever”
This is an example of an entailment following the principle of primogenitor. It is pretty clear that no woman stands to inherit! The order of succession also tells us the birth order of John’s sons.
The property description of Anne Hathaway’s cottage is fairly typical of the time. Could you be sure just which messuage or cottage it describes? Situate, lying or being within the town, hamlet or field of Shottery or Old Stratford is hardly a specified street address. This will is just one of the documents that records the history of title and other sources of evidence that identify the cottage.
Whilst visiting Mary Arden’s farm in the hamlet of Wilmcote, I met Master Charles, the farm steward enactor. Stewards were responsible for keeping records, which Master Charles demonstrated by writing the farm account in his book using a quill pen and oak gall ink in secretary hand, a style appropriate to Mary Arden’s lifetime.
People who can write in secretary hand tend be mines of historical information and Master Charles was no exception. Identification of Mary Arden’s childhood home is complicated by three factors:
- Female inheritance and sales of the house
- Close proximity of another similar house
- Copyhold tenure
Mary Arden was the youngest of 8 daughters of Robert Arden, who remarried after the death of Mary’s mother. His second wife, Agnes, was a widow with children from a previous marriage. When Robert Arden died in 1556 the copyhold of the house passed to his second wife Agnes, the step-mother of Mary Arden. In 1567, Agnes transferred the house to John Fulwood, the husband of one of Agnes’ daughters.
At Mary Arden’s farm there are two houses in close proximity, now known as Palmer’s farmhouse and Mary Arden’s farmhouse. Palmer’s farmhouse was previously thought to be the Arden family home.
Copyhold tenure is the lowest tier of feudal land holding, with a hierarchy of rights and obligations. The copyholder had use of the land from the lord of the manor in return for rents or services. Identifying which manor a property is part of is tricky, especially when we are not sure of the manorial boundaries and how many manors existed. The hamlet of Wilmcote lies in the parish of Aston Cantlow, but the manor of Aston Cantlow may have had different boundaries.
These are just some of the delicious complexities of English property records that I enjoyed discussing with Master Charles.
© Sue Adams 2017
Family Folk is coming to the London Family History Show this Sunday, 24 September 2017 between 10am and 4.30pm at Sandown Park Racecourse in Esher.
Please do stop by to try your hand at reading old handwriting, to ask me for guidance with your family history or just to say hi.
The show is organised by Discover Your Ancestors magazine and sponsored by The Genealogist. In addition to the exhibitors, there will be talks by military historian Chris Baker, social historian Keith Gregson, and Mark Bayley of The Genealogist.